GAME – Concept Note
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Micro-enterprises have been the engines of job growth in the majority of dynamic economies and they can perform the same role in India as well. Meeting their challenges requires significant policy changes and investments in local communities. MSME’s, and in particular very small enterprises, have been disadvantaged when it comes to availability of and access to data and analysis – vital in championing and creating a growth agenda around them. The study looks at micro-enterprises that employ 0-19 workers, and analyses various dimensions such as geographical distribution, demographics, gender (employment and enterprise ownership), industrial distribution, labour productivity, and wages. It is based on Economic Census and National Sample Survey data. Our aim in this report is to provide information and analysis that can assist policy-makers and the micro-entrepreneurial ecosystem at large to develop tools required to help this sector flourish.
Download the full report here
Under Syngenta Foundation India’s AE Enterprise Model, rural youth working as Agri-Entrepreneurs (AEs) run sustainable businesses promoting technology driven agriculture and thus bridging the technology transfer gap.
The studies (focussing on both men and women AEs) provide the characteristics of successful agri-entrepreneurs and present recommendations to enable them to grow and lead agriculture development for their community.
GAME has advised Syngenta Foundation India on these studies.
The Study of Women AEs identified:
Self-confidence and risk-taking
Education levels do not correlate to participation and performance of women AEs as much as they do for male AEs. Training by government and NGOs are helping women, with lower levels of education, succeed as AEs. Spouse’s education plays a role in their success as well.
Women providing Input, Nursery Management and Market Linkage services are most likely to see an increase in their income. This can also be supported by other services such as Financial Services and Farm Machinery Rental Services. Market Linkage, Goatery, Veterinary services will also serve as a good combination of services in locations where animal husbandry is a prominent source of income.
Dividing responsibilities between home and business:
To read more, visit the Syngenta Foundation website.
Women in India own and run far fewer businesses than in other countries.
In addition, the female labour force participation rate in India is now amongst the lowest in the world, having slipped dramatically in the last 20 years to ~23% in 2018 as per World Bank data, with urban areas being lower that rural.
Socio-cultural pressures and home care duties have resulted in a significant proportion of young women being out of the labour force, yet they are well positioned to spend a part of their day on a home-based nano-enterprise. These enterprises can flourish when women have recourse to the right support and interventions.
GAME, in collaboration with ZS Associates India Pvt. Ltd. as the knowledge partner, undertook a targeted study on urban women homepreneurs, in order to get a better understanding of the segment, and to inform collaboration and solutioning to help drive business growth.
We probed 3 areas in particular
a) What was the Motivation behind starting the business
b) What challenges did they face
c) What is the support sought.
Download the report here
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